Learn Your Skin Type


skin type

In order to achieve the skin of your dreams, it’s paramount to know exactly what skin type you are. You may even think you know the answer to that, however, many people are actually wrong about what type of skin they have. If you’ve been buying products based on the wrong skin type, you’re probably not seeing the results you wished for. Using products based on your skin type is more than half the battle and can make a world of difference.  Here’s how to figure it out.
  1. Wash your face as you normally do.  Do not use a toner and do not moisturize or use any product afterwards. 
  2. Wait at least 2 hours- ideally 4 or more. Even more ideal is to wash at night right before you go to bed.
  3. After at least 2 hours or when you wake up in the morning – go to the mirror and examine your face based on it’s natural characteristics.

NORMAL/BALANCED SKIN TYPE

No sign of flaky skin or oily skin.  Skin looks smooth, feels normal – does not feel tight. Congratulations, you’re the envy of all your friends!  Look for lightweight day-time lotions and well balanced formulas.  You can basically go wild with anti-aging creams and serums with little irritation if any.  

 OILY SKIN TYPE

Skin looks shiny/overly moist and feels slick to the touch. Pores look large. Bummer – You’re probably always blotting your face with a napkin and you might even have some experience with acne and blemishes.  Stay away from heavy creams and look for very lightweight lotions that contain oils high in LINOLEIC ACID, low in Oleic acids such as Sunflower, Safflower, Grapeseed and Hemp Seed oils.  Jojoba is another wonderful, well balanced  base oil that mimics our own skin’s oil production.  You’ll see this used in many skincare formulas. You also need to use oils that have a low comedogenic rating of 0-2 max.  Don’t assume that the latest Oil free craze will solve your oily skin problems. It might seem counter-intuitive to treat oil with oil, but Oil free formulas usually mean mineral oil free which most natural skincare products already are.  You’re actually doing yourself a disservice by only using oil-free moisturizers.  Your skin naturally craves oil and if it doesn’t get it, it will begin producing even more of it’s own oil to compensate for that loss.  It’s all about finding the right type of oils for your skin type.  Alpha-Hydroxy Acids like Glycolic Acid, natural fruit acids and Sugar Cane extract are great for treating oily skin and for removing the outer layer of dead skin cells.  Beta-Hydroxy acids like Salicylic Acid or willow bark extract also help oily skin by penetrating deeper layers of the skin and clearing out your pores. 

ACNE & BLEMISH-PRONE SKIN TYPE (Sometimes combined with Oily skin type)

If you’re this skin type, you may have woken up to blemished skin and chances are you went to sleep with a few blemishes and pimples already there.  If you suffer from chronic acne or frequent blemishes – those with Rosacea can follow this advice too –  you are sensitive to many different ingredients. It’s best to keep it simple.  The biggest things to avoid are formulas with SD-Alcohol or Denatured Alcohol as well as anything with sulfates, mineral oil and Petroleum based ingredients. Use sparingly serums and anti-aging treatments. Many of these can actually be good for acne prone skin but make sure you are balancing your routine and not over-doing it. You’ll want to use a detoxing treatment 1-2 times a week.  Look for formulas that use oils that have a low comedogenic rating of 0-2 max ( Sunflower, Safflower, Grapeseed, Hemp Seed and Jojoba are all good oils for acne). Formulas with salicylic acid or natural forms of this (Willow Bark is one) and Beta Glucans (from yeast, oats, fungi) are also supposed to be wonderful additions for acne prone skin.  Tea Tree Essential oil is another great natural treatment. Also important to look for are formulas that have a nice balance of oils that are high in Linoleic Acid (see oils listed above) and Gamma Linolenic acids (omega 3 & 6).  Oils like Borage, Evening Primrose and Hemp seed oils have the highest percentage of Gamma Linolenic acids. 
 Sometimes acne is caused by hormonal fluctuations or imbalances.  It can be hard to distinguish whether you are suffering from hormonal acne or if you genuinely have acne but one key characteristic is that hormonal acne tends to show up around the chin and jaw line area and is usually cystic in nature.  Cystic acne is a deeper larger formation and can take a while to go away.   For women, hormonal acne can flare up around their period. Hormonal acne is perhaps the most frustrating and stubborn skin condition because topical treatments and traditional acne treatments may not work because it’s more about what’s happening chemically in your body.  If you think you’re dealing with hormonal acne, try cleansers that include probiotics like red clover or yogurt. You can also take a daily probiotic supplement.  Don’t over-do it with face treatments if you have hormonal acne.  Keep it simple but do try treatments with Salicylic Acid or Willow Bark.

 DRY SKIN TYPE

Skin feels very tight all around.  Bummer – you probably find yourself slathering the lotion on constantly and find that many ingredients can irritate your skin. First and foremost – make sure your cleanser is sulfate free.  Sulfates are HORRIBLE for dry skin and no better for any of the skin types. Also stay away from chemical surfactants that can strip skin of it’s natural oils.  Be careful of harsh ingredients like SD alcohols, fragrance (parfum) that are drying and certain anti-aging ingredients like Retinol A that can irritate dry sensitive skin.  Vitamin C serums can also irritate dry skin types. Choose a vitamin C serum that uses the most natural and least irritating form of vitamin C  which is L-Ascorbic Acid but note that formulations of 10% or more may cause initial irritation that should subside.  Dry skin types need to thoroughly nourish with an array of nutrient rich oils and butters. Look for oils that are higher in oleic acids in you ingredients as they are able to penetrate deeper layers of the skin.  Oils such as jojoba oil. kukui nut, macadamia nut oil and meadowfoam seed oil are all high in oleic fatty acids.  Alpha-Hydroxy Acids such as Glycolic Acid or sugar cane extract (a natural form of Glycolic acid) are surprisingly good for dry skin  as they help to trap moisture in and also slough away dry dead flaky skin cells. Just use AHA’s and BHA’s like salicylic acid sparingly – 1-2x a week at max.  Other ingredients that are great for dry skin include Shea Butter, Glycerin, Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) and natural emollients like colloidal oats.

 EXTREME DRY SKIN/ECZEMA/PSORIASIS/SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS

COMING SOON!

HERO By Skinnocence | Daily Regimen for Sensitive & Problematic Skin Conditions

Launching this summer!

If you notice very dry, tight overall skin that is even flaky in some areas, you  may have a more extreme dry skin type like Eczema.  According to the National Eczema Association, “A substantial proportion of the US population has symptoms of eczema; 31.6 million with eczema, and at least 17.8 million with moderate to severe eczema or atopic dermatitis.”  If you think you have Eczema or any sort of chronic dry skin condition, you are easily irritated by many skincare ingredients.  You definitely need to steer clear of most intensive-like serums, Alpha-Hydroxy acids, Salicylic Acids, Retinols, Fragrance/Parfum and most Vitamin C serums.  You may occasionally  be able to use a Vitamin C serum that is formulated at 10% or less, but you could still expect irritations. In fact, many people regardless of skin type can be irritated by a Vitamin C serum, however, Vitamin C is a very important component for healthy skin – just look out for the potent ones and make sure to buy the ones with the best and most natural and least irritating form of Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic Acid). Ingredients that help treat dry skin conditions include Hyaluronic Acid, Shea Butter, Glycerin, Niacinamide (Vitamin B3), oils that are high in Gamma-Linolenic acids such as Borage, Evening Primrose, Neem, Seabuck thorn, Calendula and Hemp Seed as well as natural emollients like colloidal oats.  

COMBINATION SKIN TYPE

All of the above.  T-zone is usually oily but cheeks and outer peripheral of face feels dry. This is by far the most common skin type and the most tedious of skin types as it requires you to target at least two to four different areas of your face.  Treat oily areas with gels and liquid/serum based treatments and soothe dry areas with light lotions and creams.

SENSITIVE SKIN TYPE

COMING SOON!

HERO By Skinnocence | Daily Regimen for Sensitive & Problematic Skin Conditions

Launching this summer!

If your skin falls somewhere within one of the major types (Normal, Dry, Oily, Combination) but your skin is also frequently irritated,  or you experience random but minor break-outs from time-to-time than you have SENSITIVE skin . This is definitely another tedious skin type to live with. It’s best to keep it simple and avoid skincare that uses a lot of synthetic and petroleum-derived ingredients.  Instead, seek out formulas that use ingredients that help sooth sensitive skin like Aloe vera, Shea butter, Borage, Seabuck thorn and Calendula.  You will want to use Alpha-hydroxy acids such as Glycolic Acid or Lactic Acid and Beta-Hydroxy acids like Salicylic acid sparingly.  These skincare ingredients can actually benefit  sensitive skin if used correctly and at a maximum of 1-2 x a week .  Vitamin C serums can help nourish sensitive skin but may also irritate depending on the concentration.  Look for sensitive skin vitamin C serums at a 10% or less concentration.

Now that you know your skin type – shop Skinnocence by your type and realize your dream skin!

Credits: https://nationaleczema.org/research/eczema-prevalence/